This area of librarianship is a dynamic and evolving profession dedicated to meeting the information and research needs of students, faculty, and other members of academic communities. An additional advanced degree as well as an ALA-accredited master’s degree is sometimes expected to obtain an Academic Librarian position.
Archives & Special Collections
The primary task of an archivist is to establish and maintain both physical and intellectual control over records of enduring value. Archivists use their knowledge of historical context to select records which are then described and often displayed in line with accepted professional standards and practices. Students interested in archival work can also earn the Certificate in Archival Studies.
The rapid growth of digital information and online services has led to a shortage of professionals with the skills to manage digital collections in a fast-changing environment. Students interested in this area can also pursue a Certificate in Digital Curation.
Health Science Librarianship/Health Informatics
This area requires a skill set in the acquisition and dissemination of useful, usable, and quality health information. The practice of health informatics and how it applies to the healthcare, medical, and public health settings; the ethnic and cultural implications of health; and receiving training on providing culturally competent health information services are important in public libraries, hospitals, medical research, and academic research.
Law Librarianship/Legal Information
This area offers several niches and specializations including foreign and international law, government documents, patents, taxation, computer-related services, administration, and special collections such as archives and antiquarian books. While one-third of law librarians have law degrees, most positions do not require a law degree. Students interested in this area can also pursue or graduate certificates in Law Librarianship or Legal Information & Scholarly Communication.
This field of librarianship provides information and recreational resources, public meeting space, literacy and community programming, computer training and access, and advocacy for local communities.